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Uncategorized January 17, 2021

mauna kea protest

[81] Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu's noon protocol has also had Jason Momoa, Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson, Damien Marley, Jack Johnson, and other celebrities participate and give hoʻokupu (offerings) of solidarity to the Mauna Kea protectors.[82][83][84]. [15], Although polls, some of them highly criticized,[23] indicate that a majority of Hawaii residents support the Thirty Meter Telescope,[24] opposition to the project and other observatories has existed since 1964. A 2006 proposal for the Outrigger Telescopes to become extensions of the Keck Observatory was canceled after a judges determination that a full environmental impact statement must be prepared before any further development of the site. The protest is growing against the construction of a billion-dollar telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawaii. This was granted on September 28, 2018. Opposition to building on Mauna Kea is nothing new. The group Mauna Kea Anaina Hou made several arguments against the development including that Mauna Kea was a sacred mountain to Native Hawaiians where many deities had lived, and that the cinder cone being proposed as the site was holy in Hawaiian tradition as a burial site for a demi-god. TMT officials say the telescope will not threaten the island's groundwater, and that scientists will work to protect the mountain's inhabitants. At the time, the protest had reached a stalemate with protesters refusing to budge and construction crews and law enforcement unable to clear the road to Mauna Kea’s summit. The organization chose Mauna Kea partly because it is the best place for telescope astronomy research in the northern hemisphere, if not the world, said Gordon Squires, the TMT's vice president for external relations. While the summit is often covered with snow the air itself is extremely dry. A Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation legal observer there that day claims that the report over embellished the belief that there was a threat. Environmental groups and Native Hawaiian activist were a lot stronger at this time than in the past but NASA went ahead with the proposal for lack of an alternate site. Hawaiian elders, known as kupuna, sat in the road in chairs while eight others shackled themselves to a metal grate in the road, according to the AP. While the approval has been challenged, the Board officially approved the site following a hearing on April 12, 2013.[45]. [3] Native Hawaiian cultural practitioners have repeatedly failed in court to prove that these practices predate 1893, which is the threshold for protection under Hawaii State law. [55], Governor Ige announced that the project was being temporarily postponed until at least April 20, 2015. While opposition against the observatories on Mauna Kea has been ongoing since the first telescope, built by the University of Hawaii, this protest may be the most vocal. [91], Scientists have taken to Twitter and other social media platforms to voice their support publicly for the protest using #ScientistsforMaunaKea, in which they highlight their field and why they feel that the TMT is not needed on the mountain. [44] Many native Hawaiians and environmentalists are opposed to any further telescopes. [42], As of April, 2015, two separate legal appeals were still pending. The people of Hawaii defeated two attempts for treaties of annexation with the U.S., Beamer said, and protested against any agreement that would cede sovereign Hawaiian territory to the states. The court ruled that due process was not followed. Between 300 and 500 protesters stood where the Mauna Kea Access Road begins. When it doesn't serve the interests of economics or other political factors, then we're told that your rights don't apply here.". It's also sacred burial land and is revered by many Hawaiians as a place where humans can enter heaven. On Maunakea at Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu exists Puʻuhuluhulu University. The Thirty Meter Telescope protests are a series of protests and demonstrations that began on the Island of Hawaii over the choosing of Mauna Kea for the site location of the Thirty Meter Telescope. The project was expected to be completed by 2024, nearly simultaneously with the 39-meter Extremely Large Telescope being built in Chile; however, on December 2, 2015, the Supreme Court of Hawaii invalidated the TMT's building permits. "We're always facing the difficulty in having those practices and rights be recognized," Kalama said. 'Stop the desecration':Actor Jason Momoa has spent his summer protesting construction of telescope in Hawaii. Native Hawaiian cultural practitioners have repeatedly failed in court to prove that these practices predate 1893, which is … Mauna Kea, standing over 13,000 feet high, is a staple in Hawaiian mythology, known to some as a place of worship. However, a former systems specialist for one of the facilities claimed it was wrong to blame the demonstrators stating: "They chose to close down for fear of protesters who are unarmed and nonviolent. Under Article 12, Section 7 of Hawaii's constitution, the state protects Native Hawaiians' rights to practices related to cultural, religious and subsistence practices. The protests have caused many to voice their support for either the telescope being built, or for its construction on Mauna Kea to be halted. Hunters voiced concerns as did the Hawaiian Audubon Society who were supported by Governor George Ariyoshi. A number of celebrity activists of Native Hawaiian descent, both local and national, began campaigning over social media, including Game of Thrones star Jason Momoa who urged Dwayne Johnson (The Rock) to join the protests with him on top of Mauna Kea. [43], The 1998 study Mauna Kea Science Reserve and Hale Pohaku Complex Development Plan Update stated that "... nearly all the interviewees and all others who participated in the consultation process (Appendices B and C) called for a moratorium on any further development on the summit of Mauna Kea". Cultural practitioners who say they stand in protection of Mauna Kea, as a sacred Native Hawaiian site, have been protesting telescope development on the mountain since it first began in the 1960s. Last October, the state supreme court approved TMT's conservation district use permit for the project. He persuaded then-governor John A. Burns, to bulldoze a dirt road to the summit where he built a small telescope on Puʻu Poliʻahu, a cinder cone peak. The rise of a new, global, indigenous left. Kealoha Pisciotta, president of Mauna Kea Anaina Hou viewed the development as positive but said opposition to the project would continue. Protesters and authorities in Hawaii are facing off over plans to build a telescope on top of a mountain that some native Hawaiians consider sacred. "[69], On 19 December, Governor David Ige announced at a press conference that he was reopening the access road and withdrawing law enforcement from the mountain [1]. A project spokesman said that work had begun after arrests were made and the road cleared. [37][38][39] Native Hawaiian activists such as Kealoha Pisciotta, a former employee of the Mauna Kea Observatories, have raised concerns over the perceived desecration of Mauna Kea posed by TMT construction and presence. Protesting on Mauna Kea is not any small feat. At the University of Hawaii Manoa, hundreds of students lined the streets for blocks and, one by one, they passed the stones from the student taro patch of the university's Center on Hawaiian Studies down the human chain to the lawn in front of the office university president, David Lassner, where the stones were used to build an ahu (the altar of a heiau) as a message to the university. The protest stems from controversy over the fate of Mauna Kea, the tallest peak in Hawaii and the proposed site of an enormous observatory known as the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT). In 2015 University of California astronomers sent out a mass email urging other astronomers to support the TMT through a petition written by a native Hawaiian science student. Observatories have succeeded in being built, but only after protracted and expensive litigation and effort. HILO, Hawaii (AP) — Hawaii has spent about $15 million to ensure safe access to Mauna Kea during an ongoing protest of a giant telescope project, the governor said. [36] The two projects are also complementary, in that the EELT would only view the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, while Mauna Kea offers the best views of the Northern Celestial Hemisphere. On December 2, 2015, the Supreme Court of Hawaii invalidated the TMT's building permits, ruling that due process was not followed when the Board of Land and Natural Resources approved the permit before the contested case hearing. [53] Construction was halted for one week at the request of Hawaii state governor David Ige on April 7, 2015 after the protest on Mauna Kea continued and demonstrations began to appear over the state. The bird is the last of the finch billed honeycreepers existing on the island. Since current protests began around July 15, when state and local officials were scheduled to close off the access road so trucks could begin construction, about 10,000 to 15,000 protectors have come to the mountain, according to organizers with Pu’uhonua o Pu’uhuluhulu. And again then, there was no understanding how lengthy the protest would final. Mauna Kea is the most sacred dormant volcano of Native Hawaiian religionand culture, and was known to natives as the home to Wākea, the sky god. [31], Further development of the Mauna Kea observatories is still opposed by environmental groups and some Native Hawaiians. Mauna Kea protests police presence backed by appeals court February 2, 2021 KAILUA-KONA, Hawaii (AP) — A Hawaii appellate court has ruled that Hawaii County’s police chief was within his authority when he requested help from police in other counties during the 2019 protests over the Thirty Meter Telescope. [80] Some of the oli and hula that are taught and performed during protocol are: E Ala E, E Kānehoalani E, E Hō Mai, Nā ʻAumakua, E Iho Ana, ʻŌ Hānau ka Mauna a Kea, MaunaKea Kuahiwi, Kua Loloa Keaʻau i ka Nāhele, ʻAuʻa ʻIa, I One Huna Ka Pahu, Na Kea Koʻu Hoʻohihi ka Mauna, ʻAi Kamumu Kēkē, Kūkulu ka Pahu, Kaʻi Kūkulu. [78] The motto of Puʻuhuluhulu University is “E Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono” which can be translated to “The Sovereignty of the Land is Perpetuated in what is Just” and the hope to fulfill this motto is in the daily creation of a true Hawaiian Place of Learning.[76]. [50] On April 2, 2015, 300 protesters were gathered near the visitor's center where 12 people were arrested. [88] On October 30, 2018, the Supreme Court of Hawaii validated the construction permit.[7]. [8] There is also significant opposition among native Hawaiians, with polls showing 39 percent supporting the project in 2016[9] to 27 percent supporting in September 2019. [63] On July 17, 33 protestors were arrested, all of whom were kūpuna, or elders, as the blockage of the access road continued. In addition to its status in a conservation district, the state considers Mauna Kea to be ceded lands. When the trucks were finally allowed to pass, protesters followed the procession up the summit. Professor of physics John Jefferies of the University of Hawaii placed a bid on behalf of the university. The land itself is protected by the US Historical Preservation Act due to its significance to Hawaiian culture but still allowed development. It is now the focal point of further development of the observatory site, with a current ongoing legal battle in the Hawaii court system. [15] Over the years, the opposition to the observatories may have become the most visible example of the conflict science has encountered over access and use of environmental and culturally significant sites. NASA, in turn decided to make the project open to competition. Mauna Kea TMT protests: Are Native Hawaiian rights at stake? 11 more protesters were arrested at the summit. Celebrities including "Aquaman" star Jason Momoa and Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson have joined demonstrations at Mauna Kea, while Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren has tweeted her support of the movement. Opposition to telescopes on Mauna Kea predates the TMT, said Camille Kalama, a Native Hawaiian civil rights lawyer. The summit area is also believed to be where the gods reside, according to the sate supreme court. By Katherine Plumhof f. Photography by Kapulei Flore s. Protests disrupted a groundbreaking and Hawaiian blessing ceremony at the site in 2014. Both the contested hearing case and the Hawaii Supreme Court rejected the arguments asserted by the protesters, finding them to be without merit. "If TMT is not built in Hawaii, these issues are not going to be resolved," Squires said. In late July, Gov. The Board of Land and Natural Resources essentially decided, Kalama said, that the TMT does not affect those practices. David Ige announced the state had approved a two-year deadline extension to begin construction of the TMT. Mauna Kea telescope project halted after months of protests Hawai‘i Gov. Building began in 1967 and first light seen in 1970. Opinion:Why protecting Mauna Kea in Hawai'i is a crucial fight for native rights. [96], Several celebrities have supported the protest. When deciding if TMT and associated economic development is worth compromising one of their most sacred places, Kalama said Native Hawaiians also consider how it could affect future generations. According to Mana, "This may be the most vocal (and viral) protest of them all, but lawsuits, opposing testimonies and 'sleep-ins' against the development of telescopes on top of Mauna … Hawaiian police reportedly arresting demonstrators protesting construction of telescope. The protesters who gathered at the base of Mauna Kea on Hawaii's Big Island include indigenous Hawaiian elders, or "kupuna." "[85][86] On December 16, the TMT corporation began removal of all construction equipment and vehicles from Mauna Kea. Some families do place umbilical cords on the summit after childbirth because of the connection there, said Kamanamaikalani Beamer, an associate professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa's School of Law and School of Hawaiian Knowledge. [92] An open letter was also published and signed by nearly 1,000 members of the scientific community that takes no position on the siting of TMT on Maunakea, but denounces "the criminalization of the protectors on Maunakea". The TMT company chairman stated: "T.M.T. Testing also determined Mauna Kea to be superb for nighttime viewing due to many factors including the thin air, constant trade winds and being surrounded by sea. [77] The grassroots establishment of Puʻuhuluhulu University at Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu has created a platform for the lāhui (Hawaiian Nation) and facilitators of the University to co-create a reciprocal and place-based style approach to learning that is accessible to people of all ages and backgrounds. Critics argue the ruling violates residents' constitutional rights to a healthy environment, including the Judge Michael Wilson, who wrote the dissenting opinion. [35] Urgency in construction is due to the competitive nature of science with the European-Extremely Large Telescope also under construction. The proceedings were interrupted when the official caravan encountered several dozen demonstrators picketing and chanting in the middle of the roadway. Protests began locally within the state of Hawaii on October 7, 2014 but went global within weeks of the April 2, 2015 arrest of 31 people who had blockaded the roadway to keep construction crews off the summit. Mauna Kea is the most sacred dormant volcano of Native Hawaiian religion and culture, and was known to natives as the home to Wākea, the sky god. TMT officials estimate scientists will operate the telescope for 50 years before decommission. The TMT, a $1.4 billion[4] ground-based, large segmented mirror reflecting telescope grew from astronomers' prioritization in 2000 of a thirty-meter telescope to be built within the decade. The next year, Congress passed the Newlands Resolution, a joint resolution of annexation that Beamer describes as a domestic U.S. law, not a treaty. TMT representatives had informed him that they are not ready to start construction in the foreseeable future. And, through approving the permit, the court ruled the project does not violate protections for natives. The Thirty Meter Telescope International Observatory picked Mauna Kea as its first choice for the project in 2009, leading to nearly a decade of legal challenges and approval processes. Surveys suggest TMT supporters do exist in the state, however. Many of the more public support for either side has caused massive controversy and discussion between science and native culture. All photos will be compiled to display a stand of solidarity for the protection of Mauna Kea and all sacred places. Indigenous peoples from all around the world have attended protocol to offer solidarity with the Protect Mauna Kea movement. To astronomers, it is one of the best places on earth to observe space. The organization is going through the regulatory steps to build a telescope in La Palma, on Spain's Canary Islands. [25] In Honolulu, the governor and legislature, enthusiastic about the development, set aside an even larger area for the observatory causing opposition in the city of Hilo. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thirty_Meter_Telescope_protests&oldid=1005987077, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Kamahana Kealoha of the group Sacred Mauna Kea stated that over 100 demonstrators had traveled up to the summit to camp overnight, to be joined by more protesters in the early morning to blockade crews. Beamer speculated the stand against TMT will lead to better stewardship of Mauna Kea. [60], On April 21, 2015, hundreds of protesters filled the streets of Honolulu protesting against the TMT. A key component in the movement to prevent the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope on Maunakea is the creation of access to education rooted in Hawaiian history and Hawaiian culture. It’s a conflict years in the making. [citation needed] Native Hawaiian academics from various fields have also voiced their opposition to the telescope and participated in the protests themselves, such as Oceanographer Rosie Alegado. Kapulei Flores is documenting the Protect Mauna Kea movement. Many protesters, also referred to as protectors, are making a stand to be caretakers of their native land, said Lanakila Mangauil, a Hawaiian culture and history public school teacher. Businesses included were KTA Super Stores and HPM Building Supply. But in Native Hawaiian resource management tradition, he described Mauna Kea as a zone only for special purposes, not for daily contact or habitation. "Like most in the state of Hawaii, we recognize that we have complied with everything that has been asked of us over the last 10 years and that we have every legal right to proceed ... in a safe manner in a timely fashion," Squires told USA TODAY. OH WAIT!pic.twitter.com/YQ7OAllBU4", "This inflammatory email has split the astronomy community in two", "From oblivious to passionate: Kona residents reactions mixed on protest", "Scientists Voice Their Support for Native Hawaiians Protesting the Thirty Meter Telescope", "Opponents of the Thirty Meter Telescope fight the process, not science", "How the fight over a Hawaii mega-telescope could change astronomy", "Native Hawaiian scientists release paper on indigenous perspectives on Maunakea | University of Hawaiʻi System News", "Thirty Meter Telescope dispute puts focus on Canada's role", "Pro athletes voice opinions on Mauna Kea". [26] Opposition to development grew shortly after expansion of the observatories commenced. [74] The Mauna Medic hui provides sunscreen, water stations, and basic medical advice to all visitors of Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu free of charge. [8] Notable native Hawaiian supporters include Peter Apo, sitting trustee of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs,[10] and leading University of Hawaii professor and astronomer the late Dr. Paul Coleman, who in 2015 noted "Hawaiians are just so tied to astronomy I cannot, in any stretch of the imagination, think that TMT is something that our ancestors wouldn't just jump on and embrace" [11][12] In July 2019, 300 protestors gathered in support of the TMT project outside the Hawaii State Capitol in Honolulu. "If we go away, these issues remain. [92] In an online petition, a group of Canadian academics, scientists, and students have called on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau together with Industry Minister Navdeep Bains and Science Minister Kirsty Duncan to divest Canadian funding from the project. will follow the process set forth by the state. [64][65] The days actions were described in a court declaration filed in connection to a Mauna Kea access case by Hawaii County Police, which claims that there was a "significant risk" that certain protesters would "respond with violence" if officers forcefully separated protesters blocking the road. This is for the protection of Mauna Kea and all sacred places and is not a protest AGAINST anything or anyone. Community outreach by TMT, Squires said, has led the organization to launch a fund to boost STEM education on the Big Island, as well as a Workforce Pipeline Program to support low-income and first-generation college students. [30] Today, Mauna Kea hosts the world's largest location for telescope observations in infrared and submillimeter astronomy. Seeing numerous new faces blocking the access road up Mauna Kea, Mangauil told USA TODAY, takes his breath away. The TMT corporation then removed all construction equipment and vehicles from Mauna Kea, and re-applied for a new permit, meant to respect the Supreme Court's ruling. [58] TMT sublease payments on hold following order for a contested case hearing.[59]. The protest at the summit of Mauna Kea started Monday, the day that construction on the giant telescope was slated to start. [68] It was announced on August 9, that astronomers at other Mauna Kea observatories would return to work after halting for many weeks in response to the gathering protesters and activists. [34], The TMT project is a response to recommendation in 2000 from the US National Academy of Sciences that a thirty-meter telescope be a top priority, and that it be built within the decade. [13][14], After studying photos for NASA's Apollo program that contained greater detail than any ground based telescope, Gerard Kuiper began seeking an arid site for infrared studies. 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