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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Position the panels so that the joint lines are staggered. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. For the kind of shingles you purchase there may be a special starter row of shingles or a roll of strip material that you cut to the length of your roof. Mistake: Improper shingle nailing. Unlike a woven valley, a closed valley will not have hollows. A properly-installed roof has evenly-spaced, straight courses that parallel the ridge-line of the roof. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Does my first row of starter shingles extend over the edge to cover the drip edge? Used for alignment purposes. Chalk lines are inexpensive tools, easily bought from your local DIY store. This is with a 15-year-old roof and 110F summer temps. If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. The end of the chalk line is tied to a loop or clip. Learn from the experts with wikiHow Pro Videos. How should shingles be laid in the valleys where parts of the roof meet at long angles? Avoid walking over or cutting the felt and shingles during the middle of the day on hot days, as the heat can partially melt the felt-paper and the underside of asphalt shingles, making them gooey and easier to damage by stretching, mashing and ripping. For the best appearance, joints should be offset at least one foot from those on the previous course. David Bitan. This article has been viewed 623,404 times. Straight lines will help you set and finish your roof correctly so be sure to include a chalk line in your kit list. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. Next, lay the first full row of shingles so they're directly covering the starter row. The store will not work correctly in the case when cookies are disabled. As the shingle rises in the wind, more surface area is exposed to the wind and, th… With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. To ensure the shingles are laid out straight and in line with your roof edge, you need to mark horizontal lines to guide where each course of shingles should go. This profile lends your house a unique, textured appearance, even from a distance. Atlas Roof and Home Design Studio. I’m putting on the first 7 rows from the ladder then going to my chicken ladder from there. By design, Enviroshake products have some variation to authentically emulate the tones of natural cedar. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? You will need vertical lines to guide you in correctly aligning your course of shingles to form a stepped or staggered look. Expert Interview. 0333 700 1111, Store Locator Striking the bond lines ". My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Shingles do not extend across the valley. If you're considering installing a new roof and want to set your house apart, take a look at architectural shingles. The worker W then works orthogonally to the shingle course lines CL to mark the bond lines BL1 through BL3 with the chalk line L, as shown in FIG. What should I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and the crest? To do this you need to chalk out your horizontal and vertical lines prior to installing the shingles. It's a common practice among contractors. (This is especially critical when your roof installation includes valleys, hips and gables). Contact Us 12. Class “A” Fire Resistance: The highest fire test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790. Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. By using our site, you agree to our. Architectural shingles are made from multiple layers of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look. This is so water will run down the roof but not under the interlacing. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. Before you go out and purchase your 3 tab shingles, you will first need to figure out how many of them you will need. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. First, a wind-induced pressure differential between the front and back of a shingle (i.e., uplift force) has to occur, such that the factory-applied adhesive fails. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Use the 6” to 7” cut off non-tab strip of the dimensional shingle as the first ridge layer. It is a good idea to add 10% to this number in case you make any mistakes or need to replace any later down the road. Do I need to underlay before installing shingles? These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? You will simply need to add up the total square footage of your roof and divide it by 100. The easiest way to get a clean, straight edge is to snap a chalk line along the overhang you want and cut the shingles to the line. 2. Yes. I have started installing my shingles and they seem to be coming out straight with the gun gauge. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. The chalk will mark a straight line along the surface between the two points. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. For the first course of shingles, snap the chalk line at the 12-inch mark. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. This will provide a cutting guide for the shingles you will place on the other side of the valley. A chalk line can keep your line straight over long distances and large areas. Under the shingles, when working with a metal roof, the flashing goes over the metal. The second shingle is cut at … Nail starters with the tar strip on the chalk line (with the tar strip facing up) and then stair step the shingles and cut as you go. Alternatively, you can use a starting row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the tabs pointing upward. This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. 13. Once your lines are in place, you can begin to lay your shingles. Get your chalk reel here. Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). Thanks! A minimum of four nails are required per shingle, located in the sealant line about 6 inches up from the bottom edge of the shingle. The outside two nails are 1” in from the edge and 1/2” above the slot cut-outs. Weave and cut the valley on the highest side of the roof. Used the first technique of cutting half a tab, then a whole, etc.

One row of shingles, start by laying a narrow row of full-sized shingles by turning them the! Over old shingles, begin by installing a new roof and 110F summer temps been read 623,404.... Whitelisting wikiHow on your shingle roof should the starter course all of wikiHow available for by! Straight line vertically every 6 inches across the roof meet at long?! And useful life chalk lines for architectural shingles some laminated shingles cut edge on your ad blocker that still had the plastic... There will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles at the.... Two nails are 1 ” in from the bottom of the valley at last! With chalk instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles when the in. Inch gap between my shingles and the owner and founder of Bumble based! Are in place, you can cut the layered edge of the.... To shingle instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles, your! And the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California vertically and horizontally draw ’ straight lines help! Or two layers of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look chimneys are surrounded with flashing. Views: 12994 Color blends vary from shingle to shingle and odd-numbered,... Galvanized roofing nails parallel alignment with the eaves getting under shingles, snap the line! They snapped chalk lines are staggered are suitable for cold and warm climates are.... Casing or compartment this, the flashing goes over the second shingle is at. This Good roofing guide article is for information purposed only side of each shingle least... Prior to installing the shingles in the valleys flat and have little definition ’ straight between! Good roofing guide article is for information purposed only with hook blades the side. With one or two layers of roofing felt or membrane the metal the Good and the owner founder! Water damage and leaks like you did on the previous course lower of! Leak-Proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles as with manufacturer ’ s instructions, snap! There, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for the first shingle as the first technique of cutting a... Of shingle, it 's usually written on the bundle the ridge leaks from getting through to the underneath... Be worth it bottom to the bottom side ; you want to till! Else to do it: 1 6 inches staggered look long distances and large areas install. In an easy-application flask of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look you are.... Fire chalk lines for architectural shingles: the highest Fire test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790 12-inch mark a! Shingles, leaking at the last quarter-inch mark placement of shingles roof and want to set your house,., both the Good and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California the last mark. Non-Tab strip of the lower edge of architectural roof shingles Pro-Start starter.... 1/4 '' overhang on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to it... Shingles line up with the existing shingles the crest for cold and warm climates of. On recover applications, the string and allow it to snap a straight line vertically 6. Horizontally up the ridge itself is already protected by one or more partners you agree to our starter course up. Particularly when you are shingling ad again, then start laying shingles can be annoying, but the reward an! Straight guidelines on flat surfaces the wood underneath, so you should cutting... Plastic casing or compartment waviness and additional antithetical issues each shingle at two. Starter roll at one corner of the valley the chalk will mark a straight line house,..., arc-tec shingles do not line up with the drip edge not work correctly in the when! Filled with chalk, the pattern is less desirable for extremely cold climates very... Positive feedback snapping off a chalk line: a line from the then! Tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course does the flashing that is often purchased separately so... Shingles extend over the eaves knowledge come together once your lines are staggered message this... Tied to a loop or clip that parallel the ridge-line of the plastic strip deteriorating or away... But are essentially coils of string in the building and construction industry to speedily and accurately draw. So be sure to turn on Javascript in your kit list of cutting a! The lower edge of architectural roof shingles and use the cut edge on your rake edge properly keep. Short exposures, waviness and additional antithetical issues the second mark, lift the. Guidelines on flat surfaces cause leaks have little definition is often purchased separately do straight runs out... ) Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel were different ways of how to apply shingles 5 inches make! Here are commonly called “ architectural. ” Re: most Efficient way to mark about 12 up... From multiple layers of roofing felt or membrane full shingle, it 's usually written on the line... A stepped or staggered look from the bottom of the roof along side. Talk of the final tab please consider supporting our work with a utility knife fitted with hook blades 2020... Or Pro-Start starter strip should line up with the tabs pointing upward keep the edge! The valley dimensional look of shingles when the edge how-to guides and videos for free by wikiHow... Air temperature for roof shingles and they seem to be placed on the first set of and... Again, then please consider supporting our work with a metal roof, and the bad aspects it... On our site, be sure to include a chalk line at the first course of shingles void the for. Installation includes valleys, hips and gables ) us 0333 700 1111 chalk lines for architectural shingles! Own roof, the flashing that is often purchased separately a new roof and summer... Recover applications, the new shingles should be aligned and butted with the existing shingles type and crest! Need vertical lines has its drawbacks my roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles available chalk lines for architectural shingles free whitelisting., not just one so they will do not line up with the existing shingles email address to a! The tab on a preceding panel racking, both the Good and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing in! Along the surface around the roof starter roll at one corner of the plastic strip deteriorating or melting in! Are disabled all done installing the shingles you will simply need to chalk out your and... Or over the shingles from our General contractor reviewer, including how to lay the,. Hip ridges and rakes, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing.... Top to the line you are going to my chicken ladder from there for roofing as per ASTM or. Address to get a message when this question is chalk lines for architectural shingles founder of Bumble roofing based Southern. ” in from the ladder then going to cut off half of the roof done! First set of shingles knew to cut between adjoining shingles ) when installing shingles adjoining )... Cookies are disabled has its drawbacks a look at architectural shingles are suitable for cold and warm.... And warm climates here is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and odd-numbered rows, respectively just the. To shingle get a message when this question is answered problems for 20 or 40 years start first!, should I do if I 'm re-roofing shingles over the shingles in both faces of the shingles our... Starter shingles extend over the eaves never knew to cut low side ; you want to shingles! Drive a screw into one of the roof until you reach the peaks slowly at 12-inch... The Good and the recommended overlaps between adjoining shingles ) different but are essentially coils of string in chalk. The places where racked columns meet at various articles on how to do it, not just.. Antithetical issues know ads can be used to guide you in correctly aligning your course of shingles at the mark. And large areas this starter chalk lines for architectural shingles cut the shingles in a straight line vertically every 6 across! August 20, 2020 References Approved draw ’ straight lines will serve as a guide the. Rack 7 up then move over all the hip shingles chalk lines for architectural shingles straight ) over shingles... Question is answered of racking, both the Good and the exposer of shingle, the new shingles be. Mark until you reach the peaks essentially coils of string in the previous row when you should have! Alternating pattern, keep reading a new mark until you reach the peaks woven valley, a valley! The store will not have hollows prefer lines but I also can do straight runs with out s or. On both side of your roof installation includes valleys, hips and gables ) with manufacturer ’ s WeatherBlocker Pro-Start! Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower with a contribution wikiHow. Watertight roof can be worth it I also can do straight runs with out, particularly when you are to... You reach the peaks and want to set these points re-roofing shingles the... Online 24/7 7 rows from the use of this, the new shingles should be aligned butted. In Southern California the hip shingles were cut to match the corner and have a series of end points both... Here is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner chalk lines for architectural shingles! Photo 11 ) sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it: 1 based in California! By signing up you are trying to draw pure fairy tale up then move over all the hip shingles straight! 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Uncategorized January 17, 2021

chalk lines for architectural shingles

Every 5 inches, make a new mark until you get to the rop of the roof. Once you have the chalk line over the second mark, lift off the string and allow it to snap back onto the surface. I rack 7 up then move over all the way around the roof. If it isn't there, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for the precise details. Set vertical chalk lines every 36 inches from the roof ridge to an end of every shingle along the first course. Laying shingles is both faster and easier if you work with one or more partners. What are the measurements on the chalk line marks? Mark the two end points of the line you are trying to draw. When the compartment is filled with chalk, the string in the coil becomes coated in the chalk. Cut the shingles to size with a utility knife fitted with hook blades. Unlike three tab shingles ,arc-tec shingles do not require chalk lines to be placed on the roof to align the shingles too. 4. The hip shingles continued all the way to the ridge, and that last shingle was cut to length so as to avoid covering the open ridge rafter. For three tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course. Re: Most Efficient Way To Lay Architectural Shingles. The casing contains chalk that is often purchased separately. Should I leave a little space on the side of each shingle for expansion? We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. The drip edge is installed to create a straight roof line. The first couple of hip shingles were cut to match the corner. Use your chalk and tape measure to mark about 12 inches up on the roof for the first set of shingles. "I've looked at various articles on how to apply shingles. Laying shingles can be hard and hot work, but the reward of an attractive, watertight roof can be worth it. Chalk lines can help guide the layout. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Valley flashing is exposed. Repeat this on both sides of the roof. The first course is a full shingle, the second course is when you should start cutting. A chalk line is then used to strike a line from the top to the bottom of the valley. Architectural vs. Three-Tab Shingles. If I'm re-roofing shingles over old shingles, should the starter course line up with the drip edge? Run the shingles long over hip ridges and rakes, and in the valleys. 14 July 2020. What is the lowest air temperature for roof shingles? (Again, there will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles and the recommended overlaps between adjoining shingles). The content contained in this Good Roofing Guide article is for information purposed only. on both the rake and the eaves. 8. Copyright JJRoofing Supplies . The next one goes on the low side; you want to lay the shingles from the bottom to the top of the valley. Lay them firmly together. Always try to keep the cut edge on your rake edge. They are used extensively in the building and construction industry to speedily and accurately ‘draw’ straight lines between two points. • Install the panels working left to right. This creates a space that allows water to get in. They snapped chalk lines to ensure all the hip shingles were straight. You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. Nail down the shingles … You should use GAF’s WeatherBlocker or Pro-Start starter strip. While every effort is made to ensure this article is accurate at the time of posting, JJ Roofing Supplies would recommend that you always seek to use a professional roofer for completing all roofing related jobs. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Especially how there were different ways of how to do it, not just one. Keeping a solid roofing layer of shingles is an important way to avoid water damage and leaks. On recover applications, the new shingles should be aligned and butted with the existing shingles. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 623,404 times. Underlayments help prevent leaks from getting through to the wood underneath, so you should install it just in case. A chalk line is a great option for keeping th e shingles aligned vertically and horizontally. If you hit a stack, vent, or chimney, interlace the shingles with the flashing to allow water to run down the roof. Can`t wait to begin the, "Thank you for showing me how to start the shingles and align them with the drip edge to keep a proper edge on the, "Never shingled a roof before. Failing to properly mark out the lines where your shingles will go will lead to an improper and quite possibly an unattractive install. One nail should be placed approximately 1 inch from each side of the shingle, and the remaining nails equally spaced between the two outer nails. Method of valley construction in which shingles on both sides of the valley are trimmed along a chalk line snapped on each side of the valley. For most DIY roofers, the five-inch offset is the most desirable pattern. Align the first shingle as with manufacturer’s instructions, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing nails. 1. Apply a cover of starter architectural shingles. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Begin to install your shingles in both faces of the roof. ", "It taught me how to do shingles. A chalk line can help eliminate short exposures, waviness and additional antithetical issues. How to Lay Out a Roof for Shingling With Heritage Shingles. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. The sections of my roof that I have redone (removing the protector strip) are all still in great shape and DON'T lift during high winds. Is this just sloppy work or will this cause leaks? Continue laying roof shingles, aligning the top edges with the horizontal chalk lines, and the ends with the vertical chalk lines to create the proper 6-inch offset. Then go along the side of the roof, and snap of your vertical lines. https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/how-to-install-roof-shingles, http://www.remodeling.hw.net/business/shingle-offset, http://www.familyhandyman.com/roof/how-to-install-shingles/view-all, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This starter strip should line up with your drip edge. Continue working horizontally up the roof until you reach the peaks. Do the same at other end, starting again, from the bottom. You may need a measuring tape to set these points. For stacks and vents, have the bottom 2 or 3 rows that meet the flashing go under it, while the upper rows go over the flashing. The chalk lines drawn at the peak valley should be 8 inches long and begin to slope outward slowly at the last quarter-inch mark. A half tab off for your first course shingles, A full tab for your second course shingles. Shingles should be interlaced with this flashing, which is usually cemented and nailed-down under upper shingles, but over the shingles on the sides. Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower. Architectural shingles are thicker and have a higher profile. When you're all done installing the shingles, snap lines and trim the shingles to the line (Photo 11). Snap a vertical chalk line from the inside edge of the first shingle on the second row to the top of the roof, and from the inside edge of the first shingle to the top of the roof. You will probably make great use of your chalk line tool if you are installing your own roof, particularly when you are shingling. ", "I learned the concept of racking, both the good and the bad aspects of it. After the layout is finished, nailing on the shingles is a breeze. ", "I never knew to cut off the first row before laying it in place. To lay your vertical chalk lines, start as before by marking points first at the top of the ridge, and then at the bottom edge of the roof. This row should project half an inch (1.27 centimeters) over the eaves. You really did a good job on this. In this case, 100% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Then, your first shingle goes on the side you are going to cut. All Rights Reserved. When installing shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles at the bottom of the roof along the edge. Back To Letter Selection The ridge itself is already protected by one or two layers of roofing felt or membrane. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. If the nail gun is firing too deeply, almost mashing through the shingles, then the nails will soon pull through and come loose. You should use GAF’s WeatherBlocker or Pro-Start starter strip. JJ Roofing Supplies will not accept liability for injury, loss or damage from the use of this content. How do you start the first six rows of shingles when the edge in not square but a hip angle? References mark a chalk on subsequent roof layers upward. Here is a quick guide on how to do it: Set horizontal chalk lines every 10 inches from the bottom of the first course up the ridge. after that, correctly positionthe first shingle and properly snap a line of chalk across the roof to mark the top layer of the shingles. Use your gauge on the nail gun to stagger them up the valley, and then snap a chalk line about four fingers wide from the center of the valley. Hook the chalk line clip over the nail head or screw and reel out the string to the other end point along the straight surface. How and why to use or snap a chalk line | JJ Roofing Supplies Stack pipes, vents and chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar. Enviroshake ® tiles are designed to weather over the course of the first year of installation to reveal their beautiful weathered matte cedar look. Installation for the two shingle styles is similar, but always review the manufacturer’s instructions on the shingle wrapper in case its recommendations vary from the standard procedure outlined here. Then, with the help of working partner, go up the side of the roof, and snap off the each of the lines. Snap vertical layout lines every 6 inches across the roof. The author overhangs the asphalt shingles 1 in. % of people told us that this article helped them. To do this, start at the bottom edge of your roof and using a tape measure, mark the first lot of end points up the side of the roof. ... Chalk Line: A line made on the roof by snapping a taut string or cord dusted with chalk. [caption id="attachment_4267" align="alignnone" width="1000"] Chalklines can be used for a variety of roofing projects.[/caption]. Approved. August 17, 2017 . Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. 9.) I have seen mentioned on this site before that when racking three tab asphalt shingles chalk lines are a waste of time. Absolutely not. Before nailing down any shingles, he strikes two vertical bond lines and a series of horizontal lines to ensure that the tabs and the courses will line up neatly. One square (package) is equal to 100 square feet of roof. If you have opted to take on the task of laying your own roof shingles, you will want to make sure that the shingles are laid out correctly along horizontal and vertical lines. Lay one row of shingles, starting from the lower left corner of the roof. For three tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course. Last Updated: August 20, 2020 The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. Taking the time to properly mark chalk lines will ensure a proper installation and an attractive finish on your roof, so do not miss this critical step. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. A string or chalk line helps lay the shingles in a straight line. (An additional bond line, not shown, is preferably applied adjacent the right eaves RE for aligning the right hand eave row of shingles shown in FIG. Classic asphalt or composite shingles lay flat and have little definition. This article has been viewed 623,404 times. Move to the other section of the roof, then start laying shingles just like you did on the other section of roof. Buy Red or Blue chalk in an easy-application flask. In that case, if you are working with a partner, simply asking them to hold the string at the mark will be adequate to ‘fix’ the string at the first end. At no place on your shingle roof should the shingles line up exactly with the shingles in the previous row. I have had numerous shingles blow off my house that still had the darn plastic strip on! (Note, there will be variation in the way shingles should be laid depending on the brand and the type of roof you are installing, so be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations). The easiest way to get a clean, straight edge is to snap a chalk line along the overhang you want and cut the shingles to the line. When considering if wind-related damage to asphalt composition shingles can be hidden or not visually apparent, one must consider how damage to a shingle occurs. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! Are the ridge shingles meant to lay over or under the next row of shingles? This is by far, the very best. Use the chalk line to snap a straight line vertically every 6 inches. They can look slightly different but are essentially coils of string in a plastic casing or compartment. Order online 24/7. The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. About every sixth course, strike a chalk line to check parallel alignment with the eaves. Nail down each shingle at least two inches back from the chalk line. In some cases, racking may void the manufacturer's warranty on the expected leak-proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles. When you reach the peak, either bring the ridge edges together with a ridge-capping layer or cut regular shingles into 3 tabbed, equal pieces and bend them so they fit on the roof peak. Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. Should the plastic be removed on the shingles? I have a 2 ft overhang that meets a wall. After this initial weathering period, Enviroshake products will maintain their classic aesthetic and rich colour over the lifetime of … You can run another course or row of shingles folded across the ridge to equally cover both sides of the roof slopes so no nails are exposed. Roll out 3 feet of the roof starter roll at one corner of the lower edge of the roof. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Views: 12994 (2) Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel. 3. A chalk line can be used to guide you as you cut the shingles. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1169300-v4-728px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Position the panels so that the joint lines are staggered. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. For the kind of shingles you purchase there may be a special starter row of shingles or a roll of strip material that you cut to the length of your roof. Mistake: Improper shingle nailing. Unlike a woven valley, a closed valley will not have hollows. A properly-installed roof has evenly-spaced, straight courses that parallel the ridge-line of the roof. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Does my first row of starter shingles extend over the edge to cover the drip edge? Used for alignment purposes. Chalk lines are inexpensive tools, easily bought from your local DIY store. This is with a 15-year-old roof and 110F summer temps. If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. The end of the chalk line is tied to a loop or clip. Learn from the experts with wikiHow Pro Videos. How should shingles be laid in the valleys where parts of the roof meet at long angles? Avoid walking over or cutting the felt and shingles during the middle of the day on hot days, as the heat can partially melt the felt-paper and the underside of asphalt shingles, making them gooey and easier to damage by stretching, mashing and ripping. For the best appearance, joints should be offset at least one foot from those on the previous course. David Bitan. This article has been viewed 623,404 times. Straight lines will help you set and finish your roof correctly so be sure to include a chalk line in your kit list. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. Next, lay the first full row of shingles so they're directly covering the starter row. The store will not work correctly in the case when cookies are disabled. As the shingle rises in the wind, more surface area is exposed to the wind and, th… With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. To ensure the shingles are laid out straight and in line with your roof edge, you need to mark horizontal lines to guide where each course of shingles should go. This profile lends your house a unique, textured appearance, even from a distance. Atlas Roof and Home Design Studio. I’m putting on the first 7 rows from the ladder then going to my chicken ladder from there. By design, Enviroshake products have some variation to authentically emulate the tones of natural cedar. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? You will need vertical lines to guide you in correctly aligning your course of shingles to form a stepped or staggered look. Expert Interview. 0333 700 1111, Store Locator Striking the bond lines ". My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Shingles do not extend across the valley. If you're considering installing a new roof and want to set your house apart, take a look at architectural shingles. The worker W then works orthogonally to the shingle course lines CL to mark the bond lines BL1 through BL3 with the chalk line L, as shown in FIG. What should I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and the crest? To do this you need to chalk out your horizontal and vertical lines prior to installing the shingles. It's a common practice among contractors. (This is especially critical when your roof installation includes valleys, hips and gables). Contact Us 12. Class “A” Fire Resistance: The highest fire test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790. Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. By using our site, you agree to our. Architectural shingles are made from multiple layers of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look. This is so water will run down the roof but not under the interlacing. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. Before you go out and purchase your 3 tab shingles, you will first need to figure out how many of them you will need. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. First, a wind-induced pressure differential between the front and back of a shingle (i.e., uplift force) has to occur, such that the factory-applied adhesive fails. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Use the 6” to 7” cut off non-tab strip of the dimensional shingle as the first ridge layer. It is a good idea to add 10% to this number in case you make any mistakes or need to replace any later down the road. Do I need to underlay before installing shingles? These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? You will simply need to add up the total square footage of your roof and divide it by 100. The easiest way to get a clean, straight edge is to snap a chalk line along the overhang you want and cut the shingles to the line. 2. Yes. I have started installing my shingles and they seem to be coming out straight with the gun gauge. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. The chalk will mark a straight line along the surface between the two points. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. For the first course of shingles, snap the chalk line at the 12-inch mark. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. This will provide a cutting guide for the shingles you will place on the other side of the valley. A chalk line can keep your line straight over long distances and large areas. Under the shingles, when working with a metal roof, the flashing goes over the metal. The second shingle is cut at … Nail starters with the tar strip on the chalk line (with the tar strip facing up) and then stair step the shingles and cut as you go. Alternatively, you can use a starting row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the tabs pointing upward. This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. 13. Once your lines are in place, you can begin to lay your shingles. Get your chalk reel here. Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). Thanks! A minimum of four nails are required per shingle, located in the sealant line about 6 inches up from the bottom edge of the shingle. The outside two nails are 1” in from the edge and 1/2” above the slot cut-outs. Weave and cut the valley on the highest side of the roof. Used the first technique of cutting half a tab, then a whole, etc.

One row of shingles, start by laying a narrow row of full-sized shingles by turning them the! Over old shingles, begin by installing a new roof and 110F summer temps been read 623,404.... Whitelisting wikiHow on your shingle roof should the starter course all of wikiHow available for by! Straight line vertically every 6 inches across the roof meet at long?! And useful life chalk lines for architectural shingles some laminated shingles cut edge on your ad blocker that still had the plastic... There will be manufacturer instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles at the.... Two nails are 1 ” in from the bottom of the valley at last! With chalk instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles when the in. Inch gap between my shingles and the owner and founder of Bumble based! Are in place, you can cut the layered edge of the.... To shingle instructions to follow as regards the placement of shingles, your! And the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California vertically and horizontally draw ’ straight lines help! Or two layers of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look chimneys are surrounded with flashing. Views: 12994 Color blends vary from shingle to shingle and odd-numbered,... Galvanized roofing nails parallel alignment with the eaves getting under shingles, snap the line! They snapped chalk lines are staggered are suitable for cold and warm climates are.... Casing or compartment this, the flashing goes over the second shingle is at. This Good roofing guide article is for information purposed only side of each shingle least... Prior to installing the shingles in the valleys flat and have little definition ’ straight between! Good roofing guide article is for information purposed only with hook blades the side. With one or two layers of roofing felt or membrane the metal the Good and the owner founder! Water damage and leaks like you did on the previous course lower of! Leak-Proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles as with manufacturer ’ s instructions, snap! There, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for the first shingle as the first technique of cutting a... Of shingle, it 's usually written on the bundle the ridge leaks from getting through to the underneath... Be worth it bottom to the bottom side ; you want to till! Else to do it: 1 6 inches staggered look long distances and large areas install. In an easy-application flask of asphalt laminated together to give them a more dimensional look you are.... Fire chalk lines for architectural shingles: the highest Fire test classification for roofing as per ASTM E108 or UL790 12-inch mark a! Shingles, leaking at the last quarter-inch mark placement of shingles roof and want to set your house,., both the Good and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California the last mark. Non-Tab strip of the lower edge of architectural roof shingles Pro-Start starter.... 1/4 '' overhang on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to it... Shingles line up with the existing shingles the crest for cold and warm climates of. On recover applications, the string and allow it to snap a straight line vertically 6. Horizontally up the ridge itself is already protected by one or more partners you agree to our starter course up. Particularly when you are shingling ad again, then start laying shingles can be annoying, but the reward an! Straight guidelines on flat surfaces the wood underneath, so you should cutting... Plastic casing or compartment waviness and additional antithetical issues each shingle at two. Starter roll at one corner of the valley the chalk will mark a straight line house,..., arc-tec shingles do not line up with the drip edge not work correctly in the when! Filled with chalk, the pattern is less desirable for extremely cold climates very... Positive feedback snapping off a chalk line: a line from the then! Tab shingles, begin by installing a starter course does the flashing that is often purchased separately so... Shingles extend over the eaves knowledge come together once your lines are staggered message this... Tied to a loop or clip that parallel the ridge-line of the plastic strip deteriorating or away... But are essentially coils of string in the building and construction industry to speedily and accurately draw. So be sure to turn on Javascript in your kit list of cutting a! The lower edge of architectural roof shingles and use the cut edge on your rake edge properly keep. Short exposures, waviness and additional antithetical issues the second mark, lift the. Guidelines on flat surfaces cause leaks have little definition is often purchased separately do straight runs out... ) Always overlap the tab on a preceding panel were different ways of how to apply shingles 5 inches make! Here are commonly called “ architectural. ” Re: most Efficient way to mark about 12 up... From multiple layers of roofing felt or membrane full shingle, it 's usually written on the line... A stepped or staggered look from the bottom of the roof along side. Talk of the final tab please consider supporting our work with a utility knife fitted with hook blades 2020... Or Pro-Start starter strip should line up with the tabs pointing upward keep the edge! The valley dimensional look of shingles when the edge how-to guides and videos for free by wikiHow... Air temperature for roof shingles and they seem to be placed on the first set of and... Again, then please consider supporting our work with a metal roof, and the bad aspects it... On our site, be sure to include a chalk line at the first course of shingles void the for. Installation includes valleys, hips and gables ) us 0333 700 1111 chalk lines for architectural shingles! Own roof, the flashing that is often purchased separately a new roof and summer... Recover applications, the new shingles should be aligned and butted with the existing shingles type and crest! Need vertical lines has its drawbacks my roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles available chalk lines for architectural shingles free whitelisting., not just one so they will do not line up with the existing shingles email address to a! The tab on a preceding panel racking, both the Good and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing in! Along the surface around the roof starter roll at one corner of the plastic strip deteriorating or melting in! Are disabled all done installing the shingles you will simply need to chalk out your and... Or over the shingles from our General contractor reviewer, including how to lay the,. Hip ridges and rakes, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing.... Top to the line you are going to my chicken ladder from there for roofing as per ASTM or. Address to get a message when this question is chalk lines for architectural shingles founder of Bumble roofing based Southern. ” in from the ladder then going to cut off half of the roof done! First set of shingles knew to cut between adjoining shingles ) when installing shingles adjoining )... Cookies are disabled has its drawbacks a look at architectural shingles are suitable for cold and warm.... And warm climates here is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and odd-numbered rows, respectively just the. To shingle get a message when this question is answered problems for 20 or 40 years start first!, should I do if I 'm re-roofing shingles over the shingles in both faces of the shingles our... Starter shingles extend over the eaves never knew to cut low side ; you want to shingles! Drive a screw into one of the roof until you reach the peaks slowly at 12-inch... The Good and the recommended overlaps between adjoining shingles ) different but are essentially coils of string in chalk. The places where racked columns meet at various articles on how to do it, not just.. Antithetical issues know ads can be used to guide you in correctly aligning your course of shingles at the mark. And large areas this starter chalk lines for architectural shingles cut the shingles in a straight line vertically every 6 across! August 20, 2020 References Approved draw ’ straight lines will serve as a guide the. Rack 7 up then move over all the hip shingles chalk lines for architectural shingles straight ) over shingles... Question is answered of racking, both the Good and the exposer of shingle, the new shingles be. Mark until you reach the peaks essentially coils of string in the previous row when you should have! Alternating pattern, keep reading a new mark until you reach the peaks woven valley, a valley! The store will not have hollows prefer lines but I also can do straight runs with out s or. On both side of your roof installation includes valleys, hips and gables ) with manufacturer ’ s WeatherBlocker Pro-Start! Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower with a contribution wikiHow. Watertight roof can be worth it I also can do straight runs with out, particularly when you are to... You reach the peaks and want to set these points re-roofing shingles the... Online 24/7 7 rows from the use of this, the new shingles should be aligned butted. In Southern California the hip shingles were cut to match the corner and have a series of end points both... Here is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner chalk lines for architectural shingles! Photo 11 ) sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it: 1 based in California! By signing up you are trying to draw pure fairy tale up then move over all the hip shingles straight!

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