We are portugues back from the present to a point in the past. She fell off a horse. The doctor recommended that I should have massages every week on my back. When we think carefully about facts, we often use must to have deductions and que from these: She has been writing her autobiography since
Blog On cloud nine: Do you have a car? We use will instead: For refers to periods of time, e. Precisa de um tradutor? We use the continuous form to talk about an activity that is planned for a future time:. Por que se inscrever?
The time of the experiences is not important: Palavras novas peticure noun January 29, She has quite dark hair. Must and have got to? Have you eaten yet? Blog On cloud nine:
Adicione o poder do Cambridge Dictionary para o seu website usando nossos Widgets de caixa de pesquisa gratuita. Present perfect continuous I have been working de English Grammar Today. Even though the activity is finished, we can see the result in the present: What have you been buying?
We use the present perfect continuous for a single activity that began at a point in the past and is still continuing: She has been writing her autobiography since We use the present perfect continuous to talk about repeated activities which started at a particular time in the past and are still continuing up until now: Palavra do Dia gadget a small device or machine with a particular purpose. In speaking, we very often express our reaction to what we hear using phrases such as that must be or that must have been:.
There must be a minimum of two members of the company at the meeting. We use had to not must to expresses obligation and necessity in the past:. By the time we got back to our bikes, it was dark and we had to cycle home in the dark without any lights …. Last year, teachers had to make a report on each child every week.
The pain was back in full force, but she knew she must not give in to it. She must go on day by day. We use will have to more than must to express future obligation, especially when talking about obligations at a particular point in the future:.
We often use must with more general references to the future, particularly when talking about obligations that come from the speaker:.
Must and must not often occur in public signs and notices indicating laws, rules and prohibitions:. All passengers must present valid photo identification at check-in for all flights. You must try some of this chocolate cake. We usually use must to talk about obligations which come from the speaker and we generally use have got to when we refer to obligations that come from outside the speaker. I will email everyone.
It is not forbidden. This is less direct than must not:. We can also use have got to when we make deductions or draw conclusions. Must is more common than have got to in this meaning:. Have got to and have to.
We use had to instead:. When she got home, she had to cook dinner before everyone arrived. We use will instead:. Idioms and phrasal verbs to express happiness. Adicione o poder do Cambridge Dictionary para o seu website usando nossos Widgets de caixa de pesquisa gratuita.
Must de English Grammar Today. Must comes first in the verb phrase after the subject and before another verb: She must have lots of friends. This must be your sister. I had such a tough day.
I had a shower and got ready to go out. I need to have a chat with Joan about your hours. They had a big argument about money. She had a rest in the afternoon. I used to have terrible dreams when I was young.
They had a crash but luckily no one was injured. We had a breakdown on the motorway once. Thankfully, I have never had a puncture. They have a hour flight from Rome. Have a safe trip. Did you have a pleasant journey? Other common expressions with have. We can use the continuous form to talk about an activity that is happening: We use the continuous form to talk about an activity that is planned for a future time: We use the continuous form of have when the event or action is ongoing or repeated: Present continuous I am working Present perfect continuous I have been working Past continuous I was working Past perfect continuous I had been working.
We had paid in advance. Present perfect Past perfect Have you seen Maria? Had they been waiting for long? Do you have … Not: Palavra do Dia gadget a small device or machine with a particular purpose. Blog On cloud nine: Idioms and phrasal verbs to express happiness January 31, Palavras novas peticure noun January 29, Por que se inscrever?
Present perfect continuous (I have been working) - English Grammar Today - uma referência à Gramática e uso do Inglês escrito e falado - Cambridge Dictionary. Have - English Grammar Today - uma referência à Gramática e uso do Inglês escrito e falado - Cambridge Dictionary. Present perfect simple (I have worked) - English Grammar Today - uma referência à Gramática e uso do Inglês escrito e falado - Cambridge Dictionary.