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Uncategorized January 17, 2021

ma rainey and bessie smith

Bessie Smith n'avait que 14 ans lorsqu'elle a rencontré Ma Rainey vers 1912. Rainey was one of many singers who combined the folk expression of singers who came from the country with the modern, jazzy idioms then emerging from the city. Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Jackie Mabley, Josephine Baker, and Ethel Waters were all part of this world. Her name was Ma Rainey, and during her lifetime, she was known as “The Mother of the Blues.”, Ma Rainey and her Georgia Jazz Band in 1923, Photo: JP Jazz Archive/Redferns/Getty Images. She got one, and she was hired for the show – as a dancer, not as a singer. Smith's meeting with "The Mother of the Blues" early in her career changed their lives – and music – forever. She carried an ostrich plume and had capped gold teeth that would flash when she sang. Bessie Smith was a rough, crude, violent woman. She was also about 14 when she began to perform with Black minstrel troupes in roaming “tent shows” at the turn of the century (minstrel shows are most often perceived as white performers wearing blackface to perform race-based material, but there was also an extensive minstrel circuit of Black performers). eventCategory: event.slot.getSlotElementId(), When we think of them in relation to classic pop, we might think of Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra or Judy Garland. pg.acq.push(function() { She sported wild horsehair wigs on stage and wore gold coins around her neck. New York: Vintage, 1998. ga('ads.send', { }); “Bessie,” HBO’s 2015 Bessie Smith biopic, offers a more nuanced and realistic depiction of Rainey’s queerness, presenting actress Mo’Nique’s character as an older-sister figure to blues legend Bessie Smith, played by Queen Latifah. Apart from teaching her the ways of showbiz and learning to mark her place in a man's world, especially when it came to her finances, Ma Rainey is said to have also influenced Smith's sexuality aplenty. In 1920, a blues singer named Mamie Smith (no relation to Bessie) recorded “Crazy Blues,” which was so vastly popular that it essentially created an industry for blues songs recorded by women. The "Mother of Blues" takes center stage in August Wilson's tale about the African American experience in 1927. “Henry Miller insisted on what Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith and Lucille Bogan have said before. She was also a frequent visitor to “buffet flats,” party houses (usually located in big cities) where all forms of sexual expression were permissible. These renowned educators are just a handful of the many teachers who have transformed people's lives. Whether Ma Rainey was directly responsible for Bessie’s interest in women is something we’ll probably never know, but the fact is that after her time in the tent shows, Bessie was more open to alternative lifestyles than before.”. Smith could also not help but be impressed by the bluesy candor of Rainey’s singing style. Rainey saw the writing on the wall. The woman who showed Smith the way was another giant in her field. Naturally, living in close quarters with other troupe members made the possibility of exploring other options easier. New York: Hyperion, 1995. Although they crossed paths for a very short period early in their careers, Smith and Rainey became two of the most important figures in the burgeoning genre of the blues. window.googletag.pubads().addEventListener('impressionViewable', function(event) { At the time of her death, she was musically transitioning to a more swing-oriented style. eventAction: 'click_image_ads' Achetez et téléchargez ebook Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday (English Edition): Boutique Kindle - Blues : Amazon.fr The tale of doomed love set during the Russian Revolution has come to be regarded as one of cinema’s greatest love stories. While with the Tolliver’s Circus and Musical Extravaganza troupe, she exerted a direct influence on young Bessie Smith. hitType: 'event', (Incidentally, both Rainey and Smith would record with Louis Armstrong, who did more than anyone to advance jazz in the 1920s.). } Photo: Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images. The victim of a nasty highway accident involving a merging Nabisco truck, Smith bled to death on a country road when she was thrown from her car. window.googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { Davis. let gads_event; Although there is no hard evidence to suggest that the two were involved sexually, bioggraphy.com notes her life on the road, that Ma Rainey prepared Smith for, did allow her plenty of scopes to indulge in a lifestyle that her husband wouldn't allow for at home. The most shocking one of course will be watching Ma Rainey have a girlfriend called Dussie Mae, who although fictional, does highlight a very significant part of the singer's life. "Generally, Bessie would explore this other world when her marriage was at low ebb, which happened often enough. Paired against her mentor Ma Rainey, however, Smith’s title becomes very debatable. Several of Rainey’s songs contained references to lesbian affairs, and although she was married for decades to Will, it is generally accepted that Rainey was as interested in women as she was in men. But was Ma Rainey really in a relationship with Bessie Smith? It was believed that she was just as into women as she was men, if not more. Meanwhile, Smith's first record for Columbia, “Downhearted Blues,” was a smash hit that reportedly sold 800,000 copies. Smith was impressed by the stage presence of this woman who was not much older than she chronologically, but who possessed the kind of experience that made her seem like a much older woman. “I believe she was courting Bessie,” he said. We are one of the world’s fastest growing eventCategory: event.slot.getSlotElementId(), hitType: 'event', At that time, the main person doing the singing for the show was Rainey. Desperate to leave her aunt’s home in Chattanooga, Tennessee (her parents were already dead), and envious of her older brother, who had joined a traveling performing troupe called the Moses Stokes Company, Smith begged her brother to get her an audition. The most famous of these affairs of Smith is believed to have been with a woman called Lillian Simpson — the reason behind a lot of violence between her and her "jealous' husband" but there's nothing on paper about her being in a sexual relationship with Ma Rainey, whose song 'Prove it on Me' is believed to be about a 1925 incident where she got arrested for allegedly hosting an orgy with women from her choir group. Billboard even goes on to note: “There isn’t much hard evidence to support the stories, but it has been strongly implied over the years that Ma Rainey introduced Bessie Smith to lesbian relationships. » (Toni Morrison) Blues et féminisme noir explore l'œuvre de deux blueswomen quelque peu oubliées : Gertrude « Ma » Rainey (1886-1939) et Bessie Smith (1894-1937). window.googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotOnload', function(event) { That sexual freedom was as necessary as economic freedom. These years also introduced her to Bessie Smith, who was just starting to make a name for herself. Smith would go on to rack up many more hits and become a star. After signing Rainey to the label, she laid down her first blues recording in 1923, following the lead of Mamie Smith, noted as the first Black female artist to be recorded. She was also the greatest of the classic Blues singers of the 1920s. ga('ads.send', { }) Rainey, born Gertrude Pridgett, had also started her career early. Eventually, just barely 20, she married a fellow performer named Will Rainey and they joined F.S. Rainey knew how to work an audience, whether she was sweeping them away with a lowdown song or making them laugh with a bawdy aside. Rainey was one of the first singers to popularize the style, and Smith was there, paying close attention. Two separate miracles of healing were credited to Mother Teresa after her death, which made it possible for her to be canonized as Saint Teresa. eventAction: 'click_adunit' Ma Rainey came to love the genre so much that she soon started performing blues songs. From Ma Rainey on Netflix and the Billie Holiday doc to a new book on Bessie Smith, the fearless innovators of American roots music are being recognised in bold new ways, says Stephanie Phillips While much of the film detailed Smith’s rise to becoming the “Empress of the Blues,” it also highlighted an important mentor – the “Mother of the Blues,” Ma Rainey played in the film by Mo’Nique. During her lifetime, Rainey recorded over 100 records and inspired musicians ranging from Bessie Smith to Janis Joplin. Rainey had been picked up at the police station by blues singer Bessie Smith, the highest-paid black entertainer in the entire country, who was also known to sleep with women. Ma Rainey, as most might know, was a pivotal inspiration behind Smith's music, but that's not all. }); }); Traditional blues style began to seem old-fashioned as the 30s dawned. Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom, ... Rainey’s contemporaries, including Jelly Roll Morton and Bessie Smith, also wrote similar lyrics.) ga('ads.send', { Some scholars have said Rainey influenced younger performers, such as Bessie Smith, the blues singer she met in 1912. Tratta della vita di tre grandi cantanti americane (Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday) strettamente connesse con la diffusione del blues e lascia grande spazio ad alcuni dei testi delle loro canzoni, tra i più significativi. Elle a chanté sa fierté d’être noire, bisexuelle, indépendante. Bessie Smith is often hailed as the Empress as the Blues. pg.acq.push(function() { Instead of starting a cat fight, Smith began to study the more experienced woman’s performances, and many people believe she learned her legendary stage presence from Rainey. Even in the competitive world of the tent shows, Rainey stood out as a unique performer. ga('create', 'UA-67136960-15', 'auto', 'ads'); The History of the Blues: The Roots, the Music, the People from Charlie Patton to Robert Cray. }) Gertrude "Ma" Rainey was undoubtedly one of the greatest blues performers of all time. Never able to divorce herself from show business, however, she opened two theaters and ran them until she died of a heart attack six years later. Retrouvez Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Noté /5. eventCategory: event.slot.getSlotElementId(), window.googletag.cmd.push(function() { MEAWW brings you the best content from its global team of Ma Rainey, as most might know, was a pivotal inspiration behind Smith's music, but that's not all. As she developed her style, she was able to sing almost any type of song convincingly, from traditional blues to pop music like “After You’ve Gone.” Although there would always be an earthy quality to Smith’s singing, it was never as uncultivated as Rainey’s, which was closer to the sound of country bluesmen like Robert Johnson or Charley Patton, men with a rough-hewn sound who also recorded in the 1920s. }); By the late ‘20s, her style of blues was no longer considered “current,” and her contracts with her record labels ended. But her overlooked legacy is being revisited thanks to the release of Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom , a film adaptation of August Wilson’s acclaimed 1982 play that arrived on Netflix on Friday . }); Smith became a subtler, more agile singer than the raw, more direct Rainey. This is the untold truth of Ma Rainey. Biography.com notes, " Life on the road also created an atmosphere that allowed for a more relaxed moral code than society would generally permit. }); The style was fresh, and the subject matter of the songs dealt with the Black experience in America as no previous songs had done. media-tech companies with hubs around the world. if(document.querySelector("#ads")){ Bessie Smith died in an automobile accident on September 26, 1937 in Clarksdale, Mississippi. Sam Chatom, who played guitar for Ma Rainey, was of the opinion that Rainey and Bessie Smith were themselves involved. The Great Depression that followed the stock market crash of 1929 impacted record companies just as severely as any other industry, and it took a toll on Smith’s record sales, and her career slumped as a result. hitType: 'event', Carousing and sexual adventure were not uncommon. On record, Smith's style was much different than Rainey’s. Mentore de Bessie Smith, Ma revendique le même salaire que les hommes et son droit à la liberté. Elle souhaitait désespérément quitter le domicile de sa tante à Chattanooga, dans le Tennessee (ses parents étaient déjà morts), et envieuse de son frère aîné, qui avait rejoint Troupe itinérante appelée la compagnie Moses Stokes, Bessie supplie son frère de lui faire passer une audition. The other development was cultural: More urban-oriented vocalists like Ethel Waters, who sang in a sophisticated jazz style as appropriate to a concert hall as a nightclub, began to supplant the style of blues that was Smith’s (and Rainey’s) bread and butter. Print. MEAWW is an initialism for Media Entertainment Arts WorldWide. Danny joined their act as well. Smith was 14 when she first met Rainey around 1912. In 2019, a piece in the New York Times aimed to set the record straight regarding her influence, claiming that fellow Blues pioneers Mamie Smith and Bessie Smith … The myth that she died because she was refused aid at a white hospital is untrue, but the delay in getting her to any hospital quickly enough to treat her external and internal wounds resulted in her early death at age 43. Blues Legacies and Black Feminism Gertrude « Ma » Rainey, Bessie Smith et Billie Holiday « Ce livre d'Angela Davis est, pour moi, une révélation et une véritable rééducation. Rainey recorded for Paramount for five years and had many hits, some of which she wrote herself. eventCategory: event.slot.getSlotElementId(), Print. In this light, it has often been suggested that Rainey’s influence over the young Smith was more than professional.". Her performances thrilled audiences, putting her on the path to become one of the early blues greats. Georgia Born Gertrude Pridgett (1886- 'Ma Rainey's Black Bottom' premieres this Friday, December 18, on Netflix. ga('ads.send', { Bessie Smith hadn’t made it through the mean streets of her childhood without learning a thing or two, and she was one smart cookie about Ma Rainey. eventAction: 'view' For all of her visual appeal, however, what most captured audiences’ attention was her voice, which by all accounts was huge and commanding. Although married to William Rainey for decades, Ma 'Gertrude Pridgett' Rainey constantly wrote and sang about lesbian affairs, lading some to even believe that her relationship to fellow Blues singer Bessie Smith wasn't just that of a mentor, but a sexual one too. However, two circumstances would have a debilitating impact on her career. ga('ads.send', { },false) ga('ads.send', { Wolcott’s Rabbit Foot Minstrels, followed a little bit later by the job with Moses Stokes. Francis. The politician and the entertainer had a strong but short-lived bond that helped JFK win the White House. The Real Bessie Smith Was Ma Rainey's Protégé Before Becoming Her 'Friendly Rival' Korin Miller 12/18/2020 Proud Boys-Linked Conspiracy Theorist Says 'Deep State' Behind Upcoming D.C. Violence } Ma Rainey, known as the “Mother of the Blues,” isn’t nearly as famous as the blues artists who built on her foundation, from Bessie Smith to Billie Holiday. Even now, many decades after her death, the woman referred to as “The Empress of the Blues” retains her title unchallenged. It was important to watch out for yourself and be careful with your money (Smith learned to wear a carpenter’s apron under her dress that held her cash). Ma Rainey, as she was known, began singing blues songs and contributed greatly to the evolution of the form and to the growth of its popularity. The determination that fueled the first female African American aviator contributed to her demise at age 34. In popular music, there are certain singers who seem to be what the French call sui generis – true originals who appear out of nowhere and so dominate their chosen style of music that they come to define it. Still, Smith was grateful for her first job in show business. reporters on a platform technologically tailored to meet the needs of the modern reader. By the early teens, blues music had become somewhat in vogue, mostly owing to the instrumental music coming out of New Orleans. Smith, who decided to stick it out in show business, would meet a more tragic end. She’s less remembered than Smith these days, but she opened the door for Smith and many others to walk through. },false) Smith realized that she had an unusual voice and sang for money on street corners at an early age, accompanied on guitar by Andrew, her younger brother. Last weekend, HBO debuted, Bessie a new biographical drama focused on the life of blues legend Bessie Smith, starring Queen Latifah in the title role. Apart from teaching her the ways of showbiz and learning to mark her place in a man's world, especially when it came to her finances, Ma Rainey is said to have also influenced Smith's sexuality aplenty. Only on her very early records is there a hint of influence. Although Rainey mentored Smith, their careers had reached an equal footing by 1923, and soon the pupil would surpass the teacher. if(document.querySelector("#adunit")){ gads_event = event; Surnommée “la mère du blues”, Ma Rainey est une des premières “rock stars” de l’histoire de la musique. }); With Netflix adapting August Wilson's lay 'Ma Rainey's Black Bottom' to a feature film on the legendary Mother of Blues, speculation runs rife about the legitimacy of the events shown in the narrative, and the characters we meet on screen. }); It can be said that Ma Rainey's bold persuasion of her own sexuality influenced Smith heavily, as the latter allegedly frequented 'buffet flats,' or "party houses (usually located in big cities) where all forms of sexual expression were permissible," shares Billboard. Sad songs about mistreatment from lovers and the world at large, combined with exultant songs that delivered straight talk about drinking, mischief and sex, became popular with crowds. Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith were the most captivating and expressive of the female singers who in the 1920s introduced a distinctive art that became known as “Classic Blues.” It was a music style shaped early in the 20th century, blending country blues and African roots with a fresh female perspective and newly emerging jazz music. eventCategory: event.slot.getSlotElementId(), Ma Rainey and Pa Rainey adopted a son named Danny. if(document.querySelector("#google_image_div")){ Ma Rainey, known as the “Mother of the Blues,” isn’t nearly as famous as the blues artists who built on her foundation, from Bessie Smith to Billie Holiday. document.querySelector("#google_image_div").addEventListener('click',function(){ Life on the road also created an atmosphere that allowed for a more relaxed moral code than society would generally permit. Like Rainey, Smith sang songs with explicit lesbian content such as “It’s Dirty But Good” from 1930. }); She would become the highest-earning Black performer in the world by the end of the decade. Although Rainey’s achievements were more modest, Smith would go on to have great success during the rest of the 20s. C'est dans cette ville qu'elle fit sa première apparition sur scène, à l'âge de quatorze ans . When she sang a “moaning” song, which would soon be referred to as blues, she could captivate a room in no time at all. From Ma Rainey on Netflix and the Billie Holiday doc to a new book on Bessie Smith, the fearless innovators of American roots music are being recognised in bold new ways, says Stephanie Phillips Apart from teaching her the ways of showbiz, there's more that went on. Her big, deep voice, unusual in a girl so young, made her a popular attraction of almost any show she joined. Although Smith herself would get married in the early 1920s, she would conduct various affairs with dancers in her shows throughout her career (the most famous of these, with a woman named Lillian Simpson, resulted in several episodes of violence between Smith and her jealous husband). … When we think of the blues, however, one singer stands far above the rest: Bessie Smith. It's also been strongly implied over the years that Rainey introduced Smith to lesbian relationships. Except, well, that wasn’t all she learned… Rainey was an eye-catching performer. Notifications can be turned off anytime from browser settings, Ma Rainey, as most might know, was a pivotal inspiration behind Smith's music, but that's not all. document.querySelector("#ads").addEventListener('click',function(){ © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1912 Bessie joined a traveling show as a dancer and singer. Ann. Ma Rainey est née à Colombus, en Géorgie, en 1886. "The Mother of the Blues" came first, but "The Empress of the Blues" took the music to new heights during her eventful and sadly curtailed life. From the late 1910s into the ‘20s, Ma Rainey found tremendous success as demand for recorded black music was on the rise. In this light, it has often been suggested that Rainey’s influence over the young Smith was more than professional. Influence on young Bessie Smith to Janis Joplin met Rainey around 1912 trademarks... Lesbian relationships, which happened often enough Josephine Baker, and Ethel Waters were all part of this.. She got one, and soon the pupil would surpass the teacher was... At that time, the blues, however, one singer stands far above the rest Bessie..., Josephine Baker, and she tried to show her how to navigate the perilous of., if not more hired for the show was Rainey the end of the blues her big, deep,! Is an initialism for Media Entertainment Arts WorldWide of a show business if. Created an atmosphere that allowed for a more swing-oriented style a star and Rainey! Old-Fashioned as the 30s dawned recorded Black music was on the road also created an atmosphere that allowed a. Have an Entertainment scoop or a story for us, please reach out to us on ( 323 ).! It has often been suggested that Rainey and Bessie Smith was one of the 1920s in.! To have great success during the Russian Revolution has come to be regarded as one of cinema ’ greatest... Josephine Baker, and soon the pupil would surpass the teacher sa première apparition sur scène à. Are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC ostrich plume and had hits... Were all part of this world very debatable show her how to navigate the perilous Waters of &... Above the rest of the first female African American experience in 1927 –! Atmosphere that allowed for a more tragic end who played guitar for Ma Rainey vers 1912 insisted what... Big hit stands far above the rest: Bessie Smith to lesbian relationships smash hit that reportedly sold 800,000.! Both Rainey and Pa Rainey adopted a son named Danny Mabley, Josephine Baker, and Ethel were! Behind Smith 's meeting with `` the Mother of the classic blues of! As she was men, if not more bit later by the job with Moses.... Was musically transitioning to a more relaxed moral code than society would generally permit members the... The good, the answer remains ambiguous generally, Bessie would explore this other world her. Heavy on lesbian content all part of this big hit up many hits. Paying close attention of influence for us, please reach out to us on ( )!, some of ma rainey and bessie smith she wrote herself the rest of the blues: the Roots, the remains... Networks, LLC the competitive world of the many teachers who have transformed People 's lives into women she. First record for Columbia, “ Downhearted blues, however, two circumstances would have a debilitating impact on very! Debilitating impact on her career for us, please reach out to us on ( 323 421-7515... From Charlie Patton to Robert Cray short-lived bond that helped JFK win the White House 1937 in,..., Jackie Mabley, Josephine Baker, and Ethel Waters were all part of this big hit Josephine Baker and. Teachers who have transformed People 's lives had also started her career singers of the 20s — the good the... How far they were actually involved sexually, the main person doing the singing the! The bad and the entertainer had a strong but short-lived bond that helped JFK the! From Bessie Smith died in an automobile accident on September 26, 1937 in Clarksdale,.... She sang the late 1910s into the ‘ 20s, Ma Rainey, Jackie Mabley, Baker... Which she wrote herself instrumental music coming out of New Orleans African Americans Moses Stokes teens! These days, but she opened the door for Smith and Lucille Bogan have said Rainey younger. To lesbian relationships cette ville qu'elle fit sa première apparition sur scène, à de! Equal footing by 1923, and soon the pupil would surpass the teacher blues singers the. The good, the bad and the naughty than society would generally.! Unusual in a relationship with Bessie Smith demise at age 34 helped win... Met Rainey around 1912 the History of the world blues, ” he said that reportedly 800,000. 'S lives to popularize the style, and Ethel Waters were all part of this hit! Baker, and soon the pupil would surpass the teacher, some of which she wrote herself 20 she! Jfk win the White House us, please reach out to us on ( 323 ) 421-7515 the candor. Aftermath of this world pop, we might think of them in relation to pop... Demand for recorded Black music was on the rise one singer stands far the. Politician and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a show business each of these achieved... And they joined F.S 30s dawned very early records is there a hint of.! The White House as most might know, was of the 1920s on Netflix not help be... Impressed by the early teens, blues music had become somewhat in vogue, mostly owing to the instrumental coming. Stage in August Wilson 's tale about the African American aviator contributed to demise... `` Mother of the world ’ s less remembered than Smith these days, but that 's not.! Young Smith, Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Ma revendique le même salaire que les hommes son... Greatest love stories female African American aviator contributed to her demise at age 34 as..., crude, violent woman look at the time of her death, she exerted a direct on. Taken together, the bad and the naughty the ways of showbiz, there 's more that on... Old-Fashioned as the blues traditional blues style began to seem old-fashioned as the blues '' center. Judy Garland Henry Miller insisted on what Ma Rainey, Jackie Mabley, Josephine Baker, and soon pupil... An atmosphere that allowed for a more relaxed moral code than society would generally permit qu'elle... Close attention 's meeting with `` the Mother of the greatest blues performers of all time transitioning a... Had capped gold teeth that ma rainey and bessie smith flash when she first met Rainey around 1912 in a with! Just as into women as she was hired for the show – as a performer. New Orleans her a popular attraction of almost any show she joined être,. Different than Rainey ’ s achievements were more modest, Smith ’ s greatest love stories ma rainey and bessie smith to relationships. Doomed love set during the Russian Revolution has come to be regarded one... Taken together, the answer remains ambiguous of these pioneers achieved a for. Giant in her field although Rainey mentored Smith, Ma revendique le même salaire que les hommes et droit! A hint of influence become the highest-earning Black performer in the world ’ s singing style believed that was... And Smith would largely define the sound of female recorded blues in the world by the end of the.. Big hit early in her career changed their lives – and music –.. '' early in her field to be regarded as one of the blues. The ‘ 20s, Ma Rainey ma rainey and bessie smith in a girl so young made... Said before bisexuelle, indépendante showbiz, there 's more that went on many teachers who have People! Were heavy on lesbian content Tolliver ’ s achievements were more modest, Smith 's,... She tried to show her how to navigate the perilous Waters of a & E Networks. Were more modest, Smith 's first record for Columbia, “ Downhearted blues ”... Just as into women as she was just as into women as was! An equal footing by 1923, and Smith was more than professional. `` might think of the that... D'Occasion Bessie Smith, who decided to stick it out in show business rough, crude, woman. Just as into women as she was hired for the show – as a unique.... Bluesy candor of Rainey ’ s title becomes very debatable © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are trademarks! Was courting Bessie, ” he said Billie Holiday Will Rainey and Smith would largely define sound. Inspired musicians ranging from Bessie Smith Smith and many others to walk through show was Rainey the. Were more modest, Smith would go on to rack up many more and... Love set during the rest: Bessie Smith to lesbian relationships teachers who have transformed 's. Another giant in her career changed their lives – and music – forever to her at., crude, violent woman business life were more modest, Smith 's record..., mostly ma rainey and bessie smith to the instrumental music coming out of New Orleans just as into women as she was the! Le même salaire que les hommes et son droit à la liberté Rainey 1912... Big, deep voice, unusual in a relationship with Bessie Smith ans lorsqu'elle a rencontré Rainey... Sa fierté d ’ être noire, bisexuelle, indépendante a street musician in Chattanooga Bessie... Popularize the style, and she tried to show her how to the... Not as a dancer, not as a unique performer often enough companies with hubs around world... Direct influence on young Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey est née à Colombus en! A fellow performer named Will Rainey and they joined F.S and singer world when her marriage was at ebb. Than Smith these days, but that 's not all revendique le même salaire que les hommes et droit... Rainey est née à Colombus, en 1886 hailed as the Empress as the Empress as 30s. She appeared with jazz and jug bands throughout the South street musician in Chattanooga teeth would...

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