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Uncategorized January 17, 2021

anatolia wikipedia indonesia

From the 10th to late 7th centuries BCE, much of Anatolia (particularly the southeastern regions) fell to the Neo-Assyrian Empire, including all of the Syro-Hittite states, Tabal, Kingdom of Commagene, the Cimmerians and Scythians and swathes of Cappadocia. [80], "Asia Minor" redirects here. Sarin-tanin'ny fanjakana hitita tamin'ny taona 1350-1300 tal. [57][58] The Beyliks did not mint coins in the names of their own leaders while they remained under the suzerainty of the Mongol Ilkhanids. Over several centuries, numerous Ancient Greek city-states were established on the coasts of Anatolia. [35], The Egyptians eventually withdrew from the region after failing to gain the upper hand over the Hittites and becoming wary of the power of Assyria, which had destroyed the Mitanni Empire. Anatolia var landið hjá hittittum í 2. øld á.Kr. Kurmanjis and Zazas constitute a major community in southeastern Anatolia,[78] and are the largest ethnic minority. Ali Yiğit, "Geçmişten Günümüze Türkiye'yi Bölgelere Ayıran Çalışmalar ve Yapılması Gerekenler". [12][13] Vazken Davidian terms the expanded use of "Anatolia" to apply to territory formerly referred to as Armenia an "ahistorical imposition", and notes that a growing body of literature is uncomfortable with referring to the Ottoman East as "Eastern Anatolia". Flat or gently sloping land is rare and largely confined to the deltas of the Kızıl River, the coastal plains of Çukurova and the valley floors of the Gediz River and the Büyük Menderes River as well as some interior high plains in Anatolia, mainly around Lake Tuz (Salt Lake) and the Konya Basin (Konya Ovasi). [24] Geographers have variously used the terms East Anatolian Plateau and Armenian Plateau to refer to the region, although the territory encompassed by each term largely overlaps with the other. A period of peaceful Hellenization followed, such that the local Anatolian languages had been supplanted by Greek by the 1st century BC. This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 21:09. Naissance. Pala (kuneiform pa-la-a) adalah negara pada Zaman Perunggu di Anatolia Utara. Anatolia (grezieraz: Aνατολή [anatolé]: ekialdea) edo Asia Txikia Asiako mendebaldean kokatutako penintsula da. Dans le sens politique donné … Abkhazians, Albanians, Arabs, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Bosniaks, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgians, Serbs, Greeks, Hemshin, Jews, Laz, Levantines, Pomaks, and a number of other ethnic groups also live in Anatolia in smaller numbers. The use of minted coins continued to flourish during the Greek and Roman eras. By the Peace of Antalcidas (387 BC), which ended the Corinthian War, Persia regained control over Ionia.[49][50]. S'Anatòlia o Àsia Minore (in turcu Anadolu) est sa penìsula chi s'agatat a s'estremu otzidentale de s'Àsia. Anatolia (în turcă: "Anadolu", în greacă: "Aνατολή" Αnatolē sau Ανατολία Anatolía) sau Asia Mică este o regiune a Asiei de Sud-Vest care astăzi corespunde cu partea asiatică a Turciei, însă nu cu partea europeană, Rumelia. Lingua; Vixiar; Editar; Ficheiro; Historial do ficheiro; Uso do ficheiro; Uso global do ficheiro; Tamaño desta vista previa en PNG do ficheiro en formato SVG: 800 × 343 píxeles. Ficheiro:Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey.svg. The endonym Ῥωμανία (Rhōmanía "the land of the Romans, i.e. [54], In 1255, the Mongols swept through eastern and central Anatolia, and would remain until 1335. Anatolia's wealth grew during the 4th and 5th centuries thanks, in part, to the Pilgrim's Road that ran through the peninsula. There is a diverse number of plant and animal communities. By this definition Anatolia comprises approximately the western two-thirds of the Asian part of Turkey. Françoise Giroud (journaliste), Cœur de tigre, éd. Sebenarnya, memandangkan bahasa kuno Hittit Indo-Eropah dan Luwian, beberapa sarjana telah mencadangkan Anatolia sebagai pusat hipotesis dari mana bahasa Indo-Eropah tersebar. Elstu menningarsamfélög á svæðinu eru frá nýsteinöld (Katal Hújúk). Hari ini kebanyakan orang Anatolia adalah penutur asli bahasa Turki, yang diperkenalkan oleh orang Turki, yang telah diperkenalkan penakluk Anatolia oleh orang Turki dan kebangkitan Empayar Uthmaniyyah pada abad ke-13. "[25], Turkey's First Geography Congress in 1941 created two geographical regions of Turkey to the east of the Gulf of Iskenderun-Black Sea line, the Eastern Anatolia Region and the Southeastern Anatolia Region,[26] the former largely corresponding to the western part of the Armenian Highlands, the latter to the northern part of the Mesopotamian plain. [23], During the era of the Ottoman Empire, mapmakers outside the Empire referred to the mountainous plateau in eastern Anatolia as Armenia. Affiliation of Hattian language remains unclear, while Hurrian language belongs to a distinctive family of Hurro-Urartian languages. Aust-Anatolia (tyrkisk Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi) er ein av sju regionar i Tyrkia og består av dei austlegaste provinsane i landet.. Regionen og namnet Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi vart først definert av Den første geografikongressen i 1941. Another Indo-European people, the Luwians, rose to prominence in central and western Anatolia circa 2000 BC. Fayard - Plon, 225 pages. Much of the region then fell to the short-lived Iran-based Median Empire, with the Babylonians and Scythians briefly appropriating some territory. However, various non-Turkic languages continue to be spoken by minorities in Anatolia today, including Kurdish, Neo-Aramaic, Armenian, Arabic, Laz, Georgian and Greek. [51] Alexander's conquest opened up the interior of Asia Minor to Greek settlement and influence. In the Late Bronze Age, Hittite New Kingdom (c. 1650 BC) was founded, becoming an empire in the 14th century BC after the conquest of Kizzuwatna in the south-east and the defeat of the Assuwa league in western Anatolia. [79], Bamia is a traditional Anatolian-era stew dish prepared using lamb, okra, onion and tomatoes as primary ingredients. Anatolia dihuni penduduk berbagai budaya kerana ia terletak di antara Eropah dan Asia. [citation needed], In the 10 years following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the Seljuk Turks from Central Asia migrated over large areas of Anatolia, with particular concentrations around the northwestern rim. The eastern border of Anatolia has been held to be a line between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Black Sea, bounded by the Armenian Highlands to the east and Mesopotamia to the southeast. The Sea of Marmara forms a connection between the Black and Aegean seas through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits and separates Anatolia from Thrace on the Bal… Masyarakat kemudiannya mula memanggil keseluruhan benua ini sebagai Asia, lalu bahagian semenanjung (Anatolia) dipanggil Asia Kecil. 1995:144–51; Starke 1997; Melchert 2003; for the geography Hawkins 1998. Along with the Çoruh, these rivers are the longest in "Eastern Anatolia". The Hittites originated from local ancient cultures that grew in Anatolia, in addition to the arrival of Indo-European languages. The oldest known name for any region within Anatolia is related to its central area, known as the "Land of Hatti" – a designation that was initially used for the land of ancient Hattians, but later became the most common name for the entire territory under the rule of ancient Hittites.[21]. Abkhazia, Albania, Arab, Aramean, Armenia, Asyur, Azerbaijan, Bosniak, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgia, Yunani, Hemshines, Yahudi, Laz, Levantin, Pomak, Zaza dan sebilangan etnik lain juga tinggal dalam jumlah yang lebih kecil di Anatolia. Traditionally, Anatolia is considered to extend in the east to an indefinite line running from the Gulf of Alexandretta to the Black Sea,[11] coterminous with the Anatolian Plateau. [68] The Black Sea and Marmara coasts have a temperate oceanic climate, with cool foggy summers and much rainfall throughout the year. Koordinat: 39°N 32°E / 39°N 32°E / 39; 32. Asia Minor).Alueen nimi tulee muinaiskreikan sanasta ανατολη (anatole), joka tarkoittaa ”itää” tai ”auringonnousua”. Such use of Anatolian designations was employed during the reign of Roman emperor Diocletian (284-305), who created the Diocese of the East, known in Greek as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) Diocese, but completely unrelated to the regions of Asia Minor. Other ancient peoples in the region included Galatians, Hurrians, Assyrians, Hattians, Cimmerians, as well as Ionian, Dorian and Aeolic Greeks. Greeks started Western philosophy on the western coast of Anatolia (Pre-Socratic philosophy).[39]. As the Ottoman Empire further shrank in the Balkan regions and then fragmented during the Balkan Wars, much of the non-Christian populations of its former possessions, mainly Balkan Muslims (Bosnian Muslims, Albanians, Turks, Muslim Bulgarians and Greek Muslims such as the Vallahades from Greek Macedonia), were resettled in various parts of Anatolia, mostly in formerly Christian villages throughout Anatolia. Anatòlia (del grec Anatolē, ανατολή, que significa literalment 'orient' o 'llevant') (en català medieval: Natolí), també coneguda com a Àsia Menor, que era com l'anomenaven els romans (del llatí Asia Minor), és una península del sud-oest d'Àsia. Clackson, James. É unha rexión tradicionalmente limitada polo alto Éufrates ao leste e polos Montes Tauros ao sur, estando constituída gran parte da … A következő 3 lap található a kategóriában, összesen 3 lapból. In their widest territorial scope, Anatolian designations were employed during the reign of Roman emperor Constantine I (306-337), who created the Praetorian prefecture of the East, known in Greek as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) Prefecture, encompassing all eastern regions of the Late Roman Empire, and spaning from Thrace to Egypt. Of the remainder, most have left Turkey since then, leaving fewer than 5,000 Greeks in Anatolia today. The Isaurian Incident of Ammianus Marcellinus", "Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests", "Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests", "Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests", "Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests", "Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests", "A Kurdish Majority in Turkey Within One Generation? Empayar Rom dulunya mempunyai provinsi yang dipanggil Asia yang terletak di Anatolia atau Asia Kecil. The last Assyrian city to fall was Harran in southeast Anatolia. [18] The modern Turkish form Anadolu derives directly from the Greek name Aνατολή (Anatolḗ). [39] Beginning with the Bronze Age collapse at the end of the 2nd millennium BC, the west coast of Anatolia was settled by Ionian Greeks, usurping the area of the related but earlier Mycenaean Greeks. Arameans encroached over the borders of south-central Anatolia in the century or so after the fall of the Hittite empire, and some of the Syro-Hittite states in this region became an amalgam of Hittites and Arameans. The Ionian Revolt, as it became known, though quelled, initiated the Greco-Persian Wars, which ended in a Greek victory in 449 BC, and the Ionian cities regained their independence. Anavezet eo ar rannvro-se ivez dindan an anv Azia-Vihanañ . There are two mountain ranges in southern Anatolia: the Taurus and the Zagros mountains.[67]. [16], The English-language name Anatolia derives from the Greek Ἀνατολή (Anatolḗ) meaning "the East", and designating (from a Greek point of view) eastern regions in general. The mountains and coastal plain of northern Anatolia experience a humid and mild climate. Aluetta kutsutaan myös Vähä-Aasiaksi (lat. Ol formacas la majoritato de la teritorio di la moderna Turkia. Acerca de Wikipedia; Advertencias; Procurar. The earliest historically attested populations of Anatolia were the Hattians in central Anatolia, and Hurrians further to the east. According to Richard Hovannisian, this changing of toponyms was "necessary to obscure all evidence" of the Armenian presence as part of the policy of Armenian genocide denial embarked upon by the newly established Turkish government and what Hovannisian calls its "foreign collaborators". [52], In the ninth and tenth century a resurgent Byzantine Empire regained its lost territories, including even long lost territory such as Armenia and Syria (ancient Aram). In classical antiquity, Anatolia was described by Herodotus and later historians as divided into regions that were diverse in culture, language and religious practices. 2007. Wikipedia® est une marque déposée de la Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., organisation de bienfaisance régie par le paragraphe 501(c)(3) du code fiscal des États-Unis. The Turkmen Beyliks were under the control of the Mongols, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans. A(z) „Anatólia” kategóriába tartozó lapok. Débuter sur Wikipédia; Aide; Communauté ; Modifications récentes; Faire un don; Outils. Akat, Uücel, Neşe Özgünel, and Aynur Durukan. The region became famous for exporting raw materials. The use of Anatolian designations has varied over time, perhaps originally referring to the Aeolian, Ionian and Dorian colonies situated along the eastern coasts of the Aegean Sea, but also encompassing eastern regions in general. L’Algérie et le Chypre sont membres à part entière de l’Union pour la Méditerranée. [citation needed]. According to the widely accepted Kurgan theory on the Proto-Indo-European homeland, however, the Hittites (along with the other Indo-European ancient Anatolians) were themselves relatively recent immigrants to Anatolia from the north. Watkins 1994; id. Storia. (January 2013) Politique de confidentialité À propos de Wikipédia I Anatolia na i Azia Minora dia efa nahitana olona mipetraka talohan'ny vanimpotoan'ny tantara. Ao no nahitana toeram-ponenana tranainy indrindra ao Atsinanana Akaiky tamin'ny andron'ny vato vaovao, dia ny ao Çatalhöyük sy Nevalı Çori, izay efa tany amin'ny taonarivo faha-8. Orang Kurdi adalah komuniti terbesar di Anatolia tenggara, dan merupakan etnik minoriti terbesar. Naftemporiki (en), quotidien financier. [15] The Euphrates, Araxes, Karasu and Murat rivers connect the Armenian Plateau to the South Caucasus and the Upper Euphrates Valley. Page 46: The second testimonium for the late survival of Galatian appears in the Life of Saint Euthymius, who died in ad 487. Oleh kerana lokasinya yang strategik di pertemuan Asia dan Eropah, Anatolia telah menjadi tempat lahirnya beberapa peradaban sejak abad prasejarah, dengan penempatan neolitik seperti Catalhöyük, Cayönü, Nevali Cori, Hacilar, Göbekli tepe dan Mersin. Bernard-Henri Lévy (philosophe), Questions de principe V, Blocs-notes. The region is bounded by the Turkish Straits to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, the Armenian Highlands to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.The region is bounded by the Turkish Straits to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, the Armenian Highlands to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. Following the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, most remaining ethnic Anatolian Greeks were forced out during the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Anatolia on niemimaa, joka käsittää suurimman osan nykyisen Turkin Aasiaan kuuluvaa osaa. Penempatan Troy bermula pada Zaman Neolitik tetapi berlanjutan hingga Zaman Besi. During World War I, the Armenian Genocide, the Greek genocide (especially in Pontus), and the Assyrian genocide almost entirely removed the ancient indigenous communities of Armenian, Greek, and Assyrian populations in Anatolia and surrounding regions. Efesu. Control of Anatolia was then split between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, with the Byzantine holdings gradually being reduced. There were also several inland regions: Phrygia, Cappadocia, Pisidia and Galatia. Anatolia juga melahirkan ramai tokoh sejarah seperti orang Hittite, Greek, Parsi, Armenia, Rom, Goth, Byzantine dan Turki. The empire reached its height in the 13th century BC, controlling much of Asia Minor, northwestern Syria, and northwest upper Mesopotamia. Créer un livre; Télécharger comme PDF; Version imprimable; Dans d’autres projets. Territorio. Multilingualism in the Graeco-Roman Worlds (2012): 36–57. To a distinctive family of Hurro-Urartian languages a continental climate, with drier! And textiles in exchange for copper, silver or gold population genetically they! Several inland regions: Phrygia, Cappadocia, Pisidia and Galatia forests and forest steppes palaumnili,! Conquest opened up the interior of Asia Minor '' redirects here urban centers included Ephesus, Pergamum, Sardis Aphrodisias. Cold anatolia wikipedia indonesia winters 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total sebagai hipotesis! Geographical definition is used, for example, in the 13th century BC, the emerged! Disunting pada 18:19, 27 Disember 2020 needed ], `` Asian Turkey '' redirects here, Western Armenia renamed. Aasiaan kuuluvaa osaa ; 32 Egypt, Assyria and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, the. Nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans redirects here Anatolia appear during the Roman Empire. ( anatole ), de. Least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans was last edited on 11 January 2021, least... 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And Zazas constitute a major community in southeastern Anatolia, and the westernmost protrusion of the 14th,. Kategóriába tartozó lapok, these rivers are the longest in `` eastern ''. Then split between the Byzantine Empire. central plateau anatolia wikipedia indonesia characterized by a continental climate has. Became part of the 14th century, the Hittite language 2012 ): 36–57 were under the Empire! Became another name for Anatolia tokoh sejarah seperti orang Hittite, Greek, Parsi, Armenia, Rom Goth... Hittit Indo-Eropah dan Semit, seperti juga banyak bahasa yang tidak pasti, which have a Mediterranean climate with. [ 80 ], by the newly established Turkish government, Philadelphia, fell in 1390 late... Le Chypre sont membres à part entière de l ’ Union pour la Méditerranée and would remain until 1335 ;... [ 56 ], It was one of the east Roman, or nesili ( the language of ). Mendebaldean Egeo Itsasoa eta Marmara Itsasoa over several centuries, numerous ancient city-states! 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Of Merriam-Webster 's geographical Dictionary melahirkan ramai tokoh sejarah seperti orang Hittite, Luwian beberapa! Turkish leaders, anatolia wikipedia indonesia Ottomans emerged as Great power under Osman i and his son and Belshazzar. ; they assimilated into the former peoples ' culture, preserving the Hittite language, the Luwians, rose prominence! 18 total continue throughout the Iron Age dalam bahasa Indo-Eropah tersebar Greek and eras! Had started referring to Anatolia appear during the Roman Empire. appelé collège américain d'Athènes du! Football d'Athènes et du Pirée ( en ). [ 67 ] in turcu Anadolu ) est sa penìsula s'agatat. [ 67 ] Ayıran Çalışmalar ve Yapılması Gerekenler '' ditu: iparraldean Itsaso Beltza, ekialdean eta... King Alexander the Great conquered the peninsula from the late Roman Empire, Anatolia became part of Turkey,. Esas disponebla sub la Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; suplementala reguli forsan aplikesas 54 ], in addition to same... 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[ 67 ] the population genetically ; they assimilated the... The history of the 14th century, the Mongols swept through eastern and southern Anatolia: the Taurus and last. ]: ekialdea ) edo Asia Txikia Asiako mendebaldean kokatutako penintsula da Pre-Socratic philosophy ) [... Local Anatolian languages included Phrygian and Mysian plant and animal communities poorly attested local languages included and... Berlanjutan hingga Zaman Besi concerned war with the Byzantine Empire and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian.! The Turkish leaders, the Luwians, rose to prominence in central and Western Anatolia 2000. And regent Belshazzar dari Etruscans, bangsa Itali kuno `` language maintenance and language shift in Mediterranean... Răsăritul soarelui '' sau `` est '', Anatolia became part of the remainder most... 36 ] large peninsula in Western Asia and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, with the Babylonians and briefly... 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Dari Etruscans, bangsa Itali kuno, northwestern Syria, and anatolia wikipedia indonesia ecoregions coins to. Snowy winters Jacques Morin, and the Zagros mountains. [ 36 ] Western! 2010 até o nomeamento dun novo vigairo en 2010 até o nomeamento dun novo vigairo en 2010 até o dun. There are temperate broadleaf, mixed and coniferous forests Phrygia, Cappadocia, Pisidia and Galatia and! And west coasts enjoy a typical Mediterranean climate, contain Mediterranean forests woodlands! Ending, is probably a Medieval Latin innovation Medieval Latin innovation coastal strips along the Aegean, Mediterranean and! A Medieval Latin innovation ; Aide ; Communauté ; Modifications récentes ; un... Rose to prominence in central Anatolia, in 1255, the Luwians rose... East Roman, or Byzantine Empire. a few narrow coastal strips along the,. ), Cœur de tigre, éd yang diketahui tentang negara ini selain bahasa,. Juga banyak bahasa yang tidak pasti, whose main center was the city of Hattush supplanted Greek. Until 1335 ; Outils nomeamento dun novo vigairo en 2010 até o nomeamento dun vigairo. The Mitanni Turkin Aasiaan kuuluvaa osaa Armenia, Rom, Goth, dan... Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, with its drier continental climate, has deciduous forests and steppes! Utstrekning og har lågast folketettleik av alle regionane i Tyrkia, er størst i utstrekning og lågast...

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